Nicolas Houël (1584)
Sources For Rediscovering Lost Viola da Gambas
Iconography offers invaluable yet murky evidence for reconstructing early French viol consorts. Iconography, for example, offers no evidence of the internal construction of instruments.
Treatises and other primary sources provide evidence for historical tunings, which can be extrapolated as organological evidence to inform our reconstructions. Treatises further offer clues as to the social use of viols in the lives of sixteenth-century French women and men.
While ample evidence exists of the tunings and outward appearance of early French viol consorts, the question of what repertoire these instruments performed remains an unexplored issue. The Parisian chanson was in the sixteenth century a mass-produced popular form of polyphony that was flexible enough and could be performed on consort instruments.
The Latest from Our Blog
- Dessus ViolThis week John Pringle finished the first viol of our planned four-viol consort. The viol arrived this week and will be paired with the two prototype viols John made over the last few years. John will next work on a bass for the consort. This first viol, with a 59 cm string length, will serve… Continue reading Dessus Viol
- Gaspard Duiffoprugcar and French Renaissance ViolsGaspard Duiffoprugcar [Tieffenbrucker] was a member of a German family of instrument builders from the village of Tieffenbruck, near Roßhaupten in Bavaria. In 1810, Choren and Fayolle, in their Dictionnaire historique des musiciens artistes et amateurs, provided a… Continue reading Gaspard Duiffoprugcar and French Renaissance Viols
- Extending the Longevity of French Renaissance ViolsIn his Harmonie universelle, contenant la théorie et la pratique de la musique (Paris, 1636), Marin Mersenne reproduced the woodcut of a five-string viol from Jambe de Fer’s L’Épitome musical des tons, sons et accordz, es voix humaines, fleustes d’Alleman, flesustes à neuf trous, violes, & violons (Lyons, 1556) and noted that this was a kind… Continue reading Extending the Longevity of French Renaissance Viols